DOI: https://doi.org/10.20998/2220-4784.2019.15.02

ЕКCЕРГЕTИЧНИЙ АНАЛІЗ В СУЧАСНИХ ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯХ (ОГЛЯД)

Vladimir Nikulshin, Alla Denysova, Sergey Melnik, Svetlana Bukhkalo

Анотація


Перевага ексергетичного методу полягає в його універсальності, пов'язаної з тим, що застосування ексергії дозволяє оцінювати енергетичні потоки різних типів, які включаються в баланси енерготехнологічних систем, з використанням загального показника ефективності. Виходячи з цього, ексергетичний підхід застосовувався для системних досліджень в різних галузях, таких як: традиційна енергетика, відновлювальна енергетика, холодильна промисловість, хімічна технологія, харчова промисловість і навіть медицина. Огляд сучасних публікацій в цих всіх галузях показав, що застосування ексергетичного аналізу є досить ефективним в силу того, що ексергетичний підхід дозволяє термодинамічно об'єктивно оцінювати всі типи енергетичних ресурсів, не залежно від специфіки процесів, які протікають в окремих елементах, а також оцінювати систему в цілому. Ексергетичний метод в силу своєї універсальності може служити базою для високоякісних, інноваційних, практичних застосувань в областях нових технологічних і дизайнерських рішень, а також дає можливість комплексного розвитку компетенцій при впровадженні в навчальний процес різних університетів по всьому світу.


Ключові слова


огляд; ексергетичний аналіз; оптимізація; енергетика і холодильна промисловість; хімічна та харчова технології

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Посилання


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